\"RAIN, STEAM AND SPEED -THE GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY\" BY W. TURNER. ENGLISH PAINTING



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"RAIN, STEAM AND SPEED -THE GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY" BY W. TURNER. ENGLISH PAINTING
"The world has never seen anything like this picture," wrote a contemporary critic when "Rain, Steam and Speed" was firstexhibited at the Royal Academy in 1844. It is neither a pretty picture nor an easy one, but in its choice of subject and the task Turner set himself in capturing this subject, it is a trailblazer.

In the foreground a hare desperately flees the advancing train. Below the bridge on the right a cowmanplods slowly homewards, while on the other side an excited group waves to the train from the banks of the river. With these infinitely delicate touches Turner, catches the first reverberations of an impact whose force we are still struggling to come to terms with — the collision between a settled rural life and a new and threatening technology.

This is a dramatic painting, a canvas filled with restless energy. Only the cowman and the couple drifting on a boat in the middle of the river suggest any kind of stability and even that seems deliberate, as if they already represent the way things were, helpless onlookers in this new age of speed. And the speed that Turner sought to recapture was still thrilling and novel. Never before in history had anyone travelled at 50 miles an hour. Turner uses thickdollops of pigment and subtle shades of white and yellow smearedthis way and that across the canvas to create a powerful impression of that most familiar of English phenomena — the swift, swirling shower that douses the countryside even at the height of summer. He contrasts the traditional force of nature with the train, the new force created by man, moving doggedly and powerfully towards us. The colours here are dark and bold, from the bridge to the pitch-black smokestack of the railway engine, rising sharp and clear, the only object in the whole painting upon which the light is not diffused. Blood-red ashes spill from the boiler along with white and grey steam, a man-made replica of the activity in the skies above.


  1. Заповни пропуски підходящими за змістом дієсловами з дужок. У деяких випадках можливі варіанти.

1) She ... play the guitar rather well. (may, must, can)

2) This baby ... walk yet. (mustn't, can't, couldn't)

3) You ... be at two places at once. (mustn't, must, can't, can)

4) You ... teach an old dog new tricks. (must, can, can't)

5) Tortoises ... run fast. (may not, mustn't, can, can't)

6) The ostrich ... kill a person with one kick. (may, can, must)

7) I ... help you if you want. (must, can, may)

8) You ... finish all the work yesterday. (could, may, can)

9) I ... sleep well yesterday. (can't, mustn't, couldn't)

10) Pupils ... be late for classes. (can, may, must, mustn't)

11) We ... boil drinking water because of germs. (can, may, must)

12) He ... inform you about it. (must, cant may)

13) We ... show these photos to her. (must, mustn't, can, can't)

14) Granny is sleeping. You  ...  make a noise.  (must, can't, mustn't)

15) We ... cross the street when the light is red. (must, may, can, mustn't)

16) People ... take care of nature. (can, may, must, should)

17)  ... I go out? (can, may, must)

18) People ... live on the Moon. (must, may, can, can't)

19) Children ... go to bed late. (can, must, can't, may, mustn't, shouldn't)

20) Max ... take my umbrella. (must, can, may)

3.  Прочитайте, коротко перекладіть, зробіть аналіз виділених речень речень та дайте відповідь на запитання.





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